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The Golden Bough: a study of magic and religion





The Golden Bough: a study of magic and religion

by Sir James George Frazer
 



CONTENTS

Preface

Subject Index


Chapter  1. The King of the Wood
              1. Diana and Virbius
              2. Artemis and Hippolytus
              3. Recapitulation

Chapter  2. Priestly Kings

Chapter  3. Sympathetic Magic
              1. The Principles of  Magic
              2. Homoeopathic or Imitative Magic
              3. Contagious Magic
              4. The Magician's Progress

Chapter  4. Magic and Religion

Chapter  5. The Magical Control of the Weather
              1. The Public Magician
              2. The Magical Control of Rain
              3. The Magical Control of the Sun
              4. The Magical Control of the Wind

Chapter  6. Magicians as Kings

Chapter  7. Incarnate Human Gods

Chapter  8. Departmental Kings of Nature

Chapter  9. The Worship of Trees
              1. Tree-spirits
              2. Beneficent Powers of Tree-Spirits

Chapter  10. Relics of Tree Worship in Modern Europe

Chapter  11. The Influence of the Sexes on Vegetation

Chapter  12. The Sacred Marriage
              1. Diana as a Goddess of Fertility
              2. The Marriage of the Gods

Chapter  13. The Kings of Rome and Alba
              1. Numa and Egeria
              2. The King as Jupiter

Chapter  14. Succession to the Kingdom in Ancient Latium

Chapter  15. The Worship of the Oak

Chapter  16. Dianus and Diana

Chapter  17. The Burden of Royalty
              1. Royal and Priestly Taboos
              2. Divorce of the Spiritual from the Temporal Power

Chapter  18. The Perils of the Soul
              1. The Soul as a Mannikin
              2. Absence and Recall of the Soul
              3. The Soul as a Shadow and a Reflection

Chapter  19. Tabooed Acts
              1. Taboos on Intercourse with Strangers
              2. Taboos on Eating and Drinking
              3. Taboos on Showing the Face
              4. Taboos on Quitting the House
              5. Taboos on Leaving Food over

Chapter  20. Tabooed Persons
              1. Chiefs and Kings tabooed
              2. Mourners tabooed
              3. Women tabooed at Menstruation and Childbirth
              4. Warriors tabooed
              5. Manslayers tabooed
              6. Hunters and Fishers tabooed

Chapter  21. Tabooed Things
              1. The Meaning of  Taboo
              2. Iron tabooed
              3. Sharp Weapons tabooed
              4. Blood tabooed
              5. The Head tabooed
              6. Hair tabooed
              7. Ceremonies at Hair-cutting
              8. Disposal of Cut Hair and Nails
              9. Spittle tabooed
              10. Foods tabooed
              11. Knots and Rings tabooed

Chapter  22. Tabooed Words
              1. Personal Names tabooed
              2. Names of Relations tabooed
              3. Names of the Dead tabooed
              4. Names of Kings and other Sacred Persons tabooed
              5. Names of Gods tabooed

Chapter  23. Our Debt to the Savage

Chapter  24. The Killing of the Divine King
              1. The Mortality of the Gods
              2. Kings killed when their Strength fails
              3. Kings killed at the End of a Fixed Term

Chapter  25. Temporary Kings

Chapter  26. Sacrifice of the King.s Son

Chapter  27. Succession to the Soul

Chapter  28. The Killing of the Tree-Spirit
              1. The Whitsuntide Mummers
              2. Burying the Carnival
              3. Carrying out Death
              4. Bringing in Summer
              5. Battle of Summer and Winter
              6. Death and Resurrection of Kostrubonko
              7. Death and Revival of Vegetation
              8. Analogous Rites in India
              9. The Magic Spring

Chapter  29. The Myth of Adonis

Chapter  30. Adonis in Syria

Chapter  31. Adonis in Cyprus

Chapter  32. The Ritual of Adonis

Chapter  33. The Gardens of Adonis

Chapter  34. The Myth and Ritual of Attis

Chapter  35. Attis as a God of Vegetation

Chapter  36. Human Representatives of Attis

Chapter  37. Oriental Religions in the West

Chapter  38. The Myth of Osiris

Chapter  39. The Ritual of Osiris
              1. The Popular Rites
              2. The Official Rites

Chapter  40. The Nature of Osiris
              1. Osiris a Corn-god
              2. Osiris a Tree-spirit
              3. Osiris a God of Fertility
              4. Osiris a God of the Dead

Chapter  41. Isis

Chapter  42. Osiris and the Sun

Chapter  43. Dionysus

Chapter  44. Demeter and Persephone

Chapter  45. Corn-Mother and Corn-Maiden in N. Europe

Chapter  46. Corn-Mother in Many Lands
              1. The Corn-mother in America
              2. The Rice-mother in the East Indies
              3. The Spirit of the Corn embodied in Human Beings
              4. The Double Personification of the Corn as Mother and Daughter

Chapter  47. Lityerses
              1. Songs of the Corn Reapers
              2. Killing the Corn-spirit
              3. Human Sacrifices for the Crops
              4. The Corn-spirit slain in his Human Representatives

Chapter  48. The Corn-Spirit as an Animal
              1. Animal Embodiments of the Corn-spirit
              2. The Corn-spirit as a Wolf or a Dog
              3. The Corn-spirit as a Cock
              4. The Corn-spirit as a Hare
              5. The Corn-spirit as a Cat
              6. The Corn-spirit as a Goat
              7. The Corn-spirit as a Bull, Cow, or Ox
              8. The Corn-spirit  as a Horse or Mare
              9. The Corn-spirit  as a Pig (Boar or Sow)
              10. On the Animal Embodiments of the Corn-spirit

Chapter  49. Ancient Deities of Vegetation as Animals
              1. Dionysus, the Goat and the Bull
              2. Demeter, the Pig and the Horse
              3. Attis, Adonis, and the Pig
              4. Osiris, the Pig and the Bull
              5. Virbius and the Horse

Chapter  50. Eating the God
              1. The Sacrament of First-Fruits
              2. Eating the God among the Aztecs
              3. Many Manii at Aricia

Chapter  51. Homeopathic Magic of a Flesh Diet

Chapter  52. Killing the Divine Animal
              1. Killing the Sacred Buzzard
              2. Killing the Sacred Ram
              3. Killing the Sacred Serpent
              4. Killing the Sacred Turtles
              5. Killing the Sacred Bear

Chapter  53. The Propitiation of Wild Animals By Hunters

Chapter  54. Types of Animal Sacrament
              1. The Egyptian and the Aino Types of Sacrament
              2. Processions with Sacred Animals

Chapter  55. The Transference of Evil
              1. The Transference to Inanimate Objects
              2. The Transference to Animals
              3. The Transference to Men
              4. The Transference of Evil in Europe

Chapter  56. The Public Expulsion of Evils
              1. The Omnipresence of Demons
              2. The Occasional Expulsion of Evils
              3. The Periodic Expulsion of Evils

Chapter  57. Public Scapegoats
              1. The Expulsion of Embodied Evils
              2. The Occasional Expulsion of Evils in a Material Vehicle
              3. The Periodic Expulsion of Evils in a Material Vehicle
              4. On Scapegoats in General

Chapter  58. Human Scapegoats in Classical Antiquity
              1. The Human Scapegoat in Ancient Rome
              2. The Human Scapegoat in Ancient Greece
              3. The Roman Saturnalia

Chapter  59. Killing the God in Mexico

Chapter  60. Between Heaven and Earth
              1. Not to touch the Earth
              2. Not to see the Sun
              3. The Seclusion of Girls at Puberty
              4. Reasons for the Seclusion of Girls at Puberty

Chapter  61. The Myth of Balder

Chapter  62. The Fire-Festivals of Europe
              1. The Fire-festivals in general
              2. The Lenten Fires
              3. The Easter Fires
              4. The Beltane Fires
              5. The Midsummer Fires
              6. The Hallowe.en Fires
              7. The Midwinter Fires
              8. The Need-fire

Chapter  63. The Interpretation of the Fire-Festivals
              1. On the Fire-festivals in general
              2. The Solar Theory of the Fire-festivals
              3. The Purificatory Theory of the Fire-festivals

Chapter  64. The Burning of Human Beings in the Fires
              1. The Burning of Effigies in the Fires
              2. The Burning of Men and Animals in the Fires

Chapter  65. Balder and the Mistletoe

Chapter  66. The External Soul in Folk-Tales

Chapter  67. The External Soul in Folk-Custom
              1. The External Soul in Inanimate Things
              2. The External Soul in Plants
              3. The External Soul in Animals
              4. The Ritual of Death and Resurrection

Chapter  68. The Golden Bough

Chapter  69. Farewell to Nemi